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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 8-12

Prehypertension among Medical Students and its Association with Cardiovascular Risk Factors


1 Associate Professor of Cardiology, Andhra Medical College/King George Hospital, Visakhapatnam, India
2 Postgraduate in Orthopedics, Konaseema Institute of Medical Sciences, Amalapuram, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ravi Venkatachelam Chitrapu
Associate Professor of Cardiology, Andhra Medical College, King George Hospital, Visakhapatnam
India
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Source of Support: The study was done as part of the Summer Term Scholarship awarded to Zeeshan Muzahid Thakkallapalli but there was no financial grant to conduct the study., Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2277-8632.153296

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Aims and Objectives: To assess the prevalence of prehypertension among medical students and its association with cardiovascular risk factors. Materials and Methods: Blood pressure and anthropometric data were measured in 275 medical students. An oral glucose tolerance test and lipid profile results were compared in 30 prehypertensives and 30 normotensives. Results: The overall prevalence of prehypertension in the study sample was 37.45% (103/275) while, 3.63% (10/275) were hypertensive. Prevalence was similar in boys and girls and was associated with a greater mean weight, body mass index and waist circumference, when compared to normotensives. Glucose tolerance and lipid profile levels were similar in both groups. Conclusion: Prehypertension is prevalent in more than a third of medical students and is associated with body weight, calling for adoption of healthy lifestyle measures to control weight and thus prevent hypertension. (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01776294)


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