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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 75-85

A review on role of essential trace elements in health and disease


1 Intern, NRI Academy of Medical Sciences, Chinakakani, India
2 Department of Oral Pathology, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Oral Surgery, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Ravi Teja Chitturi
Department of Oral Pathology, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur - 522 509, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2277-8632.158577

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Elements are present in different forms in the nature, and these elements are very essential for the body to perform different functions. Trace elements are very important for cell functions at biological, chemical and molecular levels. These elements mediate vital biochemical reactions by acting as cofactors for many enzymes, as well as act as centers for stabilizing structures of enzymes and proteins. Some of the trace elements control important biological processes by binding to molecules on the receptor site of cell membrane or by alternating the structure of membrane to prevent entry of specific molecules into the cell. The functions of trace elements have a dual role. In normal levels, they are important for stabilization of the cellular structures, but in deficiency states may stimulate alternate pathways and cause diseases. These trace elements have clinical significance and these can be estimated using different analytical method.


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