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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 150-154

A review on cancer incidence in India from 25 population-based cancer registries


1 Institute of Cytology and Preventive Oncology, Indian Council of Medical Research, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Pediatrics, Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Smita Asthana
Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Cytology and Preventive Oncology, Indian Council of Medical Research, I-7, Sector-39, Noida, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: Nil., Conflict of Interest: There are no conflicts of interest.


DOI: 10.4103/2277-8632.165397

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Background and Objective: An overview of the update of cancer incidence summary findings will be of help to researchers and clinicians for quick reference of facts in cancer control. To present an overview of cancer incidence available from the recent population-based cancer registries (PBCRs) in India from 2009 to 2011. Materials and Methods: Data on age-adjusted incidence rates and cumulative risks of cancer at various sites were collected for both sexes for six major cancer sites from the first report of the National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP) on 25 PBCRs in India for the years 2009-2011. Site-specific risks in terms of one out of the total number of persons who develop cancer were computed. The summaries, in the form of ranges, are presented in six regions of the country in which the 20 PBCRs are located. The range of age-adjusted rates (AARs) and one out of the number of persons who develop cancer as a lifetime risk in the age of 0-64 years is presented. Results: In different regions, the highest risks for males for developing cancer in the various major sites studied were as follows: One out of 67 for cancer in the lungs in the Northeast, one out of 27 for cancer in the esophagus in the Northeast, one out of 71 for cancer in the mouth in the western region, one out of 100 cancer in the tongue in the rural western region, one out of 333 for cancer in the prostate in the northern region, and one out of 33 for cancer in the stomach in the northeastern region. The highest risks for the various sites studied were as follows: one out of 36 for cancer in the breast in the south, one out of 59 for cancer in the cervix in the western region, one out of 125 for cancer in the ovary in the northern region, one out of 63 for cancer in the esophagus in the northeastern region, one out of 250 for cancer in the mouth in three regions, and one out of 125 for cancer in the gall bladder in the western and central regions. Overall, for all cancers there is a risk of one out of 8-27 persons and one out of 10-25 persons among males and females, respectively, in the Indian population who are likely to develop cancer of any site in their lifetime during the age of 0-64 years. Conclusion: Female breast cancer in the southern region and esophagus and stomach cancers among males in the northeast region were of the highest magnitudes.


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