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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 89-94

Atherogenic ratios and serum lipid levels in patients with end-stage renal disease on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis


1 Department of Community Medicine, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Biochemistry, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Endocrinology, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
4 Department of Nephrology, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. N Harini Devi
Department of Biochemistry, SVIMS, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JDRNTRUHS.JDRNTRUHS_105_18

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Background: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) often have an atherogenic lipid profile. Lipid disturbances that have been observed in patients with ESRD on CAPD include hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c). Aim and Objectives: To study the atherogenic ratios and serum lipid levels in patients with ESRD on CAPD and compare with healthy controls. Materials and Methods: This study included 30 patients with ESRD before and after the initiation of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and 30 healthy controls. Thirty patients with ESRD after the start of peritoneal dialysis were regularly followed up for 3rd, 6th, 9th, 12th, and 15th months. The biochemical parameters were measured in baseline and follow-up samples. Results: The concentrations of (TC), serum triglycerides (TGs), very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-c), and atherogenic ratios were increased and levels of serum TC, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), and HDL-c were decreased significantly during 3rd and 6th months. However, after 1 year of CAPD, the serum TGs, VLDL-c, TC, and LDL-c levels were significantly higher than the baseline values and HDL-c was significantly lower than the baseline values. Conclusion: The present study findings conclude that the continuous peritoneal absorption of glucose during CAPD contributes to alteration in serum lipids. However, the changes are fluctuating as an adaptation to the peritoneal absorption of glucose.


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