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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 106-110

Mood and mouth

1 Department Oral Medicine & Radiology, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Bhimavaram Hospitals, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Nimma Vijayalaxmi
Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2277-8632.98354

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Aims and Objectives: To find the association of various aspects of oral health behavior in the patients with depressive disorders. Study Design: This investigation was conducted as a descriptive cross-sectional study incorporating a study group diagnosed as having depression and a control group in a stipulated period of 2 months. Materials and Methods: Subjects between the age group of 18 - 60 years were examined using diagnostic instruments, and specially designed proforma was utilized for collection of data with the approval of ethical committee and patient consent. Results: A female preponderance (80%). Decrease in appetite with increased cravings for sugars and poor oral hygiene practices were observed in study group, which contributed to their deteriorated periodontal conditions and increased caries experience. Range of subjective symptoms showing significant association with depressive symptoms (z value > 1.96) was observed, which include dry mouth, halitosis, temporomandibular disorders, difficulty in swallowing and speech, chronic pains, and altered taste sensation, whereas control group lacked such symptoms. Conclusion: In this study, we have found a significant association between emotional state and oral health; therefore, dentists who are cognizant of signs and symptoms of depressive disorders have an opportunity to recognize patients and make a referral to psychiatrist for confirmation of diagnosis and treatment.

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