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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 90-93

Study of pattern of blood sugar levels in low birth weight babies who are exclusively on breast milk

Department of Pediatrics, Maharajah's Institute of Medical Sciences, Nellimerla, Vizianagaram Dt, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
VSS Yerramilli Murty
Quarter No B2, MIMS Campus, Maharajah's Institute of Medical Sciences, Nellimerla Vizianagaram - 535217, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2277-8632.98342

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Background: Breast feeding of every newborn baby is being widely advocated in view of its undoubted and multiple benefits to both newborn baby and mother. But low birth weight (LBW) babies with several handicaps may not maintain blood sugar level. Adequacy of breast milk in maintaining euglycemia in LBW newborn babies is being studied. Aims: To study the pattern of blood sugar levels in LBW babies who feed exclusively on breast milk. Settings and Design: This is a prospective study conducted in postnatal ward and neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary care centre. One hundred consecutive neonates with a birth weight less than 2500g when born, being fed exclusively with breast milk were studied. Materials and Methods: Estimation of blood sugar levels in LBW neonates with birth weight less than 2500g who were given direct breast feeding or expressed breast milk exclusively. Results: The present study revealed that 95% of LBW neonates maintained adequate blood sugar levels during the first 72 hours of life with breast milk irrespective of gestational age and birth weight studied. Single episode of hypoglycemia occurred in 5% of these LBW babies. Conclusions: There is a very low incidence of hypoglycemia in LBW newborn babies (including intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and preterm babies) on exclusive breast feeds. Breast milk is optimal feed in these LBW babies.

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