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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 96-101

Burden of health morbidities in under-fives in urban slum areas

Department of Public Health, Zilla Parishad Solapur, Solapur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Hanmanta V Wadgave
33, Furde Res-I, Behind ITI College, Near Mahalaxmi Mangal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2277-8632.112333

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Background: About 200 million people in India are living in urban slum areas without basic health facilities. Poor environmental conditions, compounded by poverty, malnutrition, and deficient health-care, make the children and women susceptible to a host of infectious diseases. Research Question: What is the burden of health morbidities in under-fives in urban slum area? Aim and Objectives: Study of burden of health morbidities in under-fives in urban slum area. Materials and Methods: Community based cross-sectional study. Conducted in the slum area covered by the field practice area of Urban Health Centre, Dr. V. M. Medical College, Solapur during the period of January 2007 to April 2007. A total of 420 under-five children were selected from six slum areas. Seventy under-fives from each slum were selected by simple random sampling. Results: Out of total 420 under-fives 238 (56.67%) were males and 182 (43.33%) were females. The average age of the under-fives was 32.97΁17.02 months. 84.76% children were suffered from one or more than one morbidities. Overall health morbidities were significantly more in female. The most common health morbidity observed was protein energy malnutrition (PEM)(67.62%), followed by acute respiratory infection (ARI)170 (40.48%), pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO)85 (20.24%), acute diarrheal disease 77 (18.33%), and worm infection 57 (13.57%). PEM, ARIs, PUO, and acute diarrhea were common in female while, worm infection, skin infection, and injuries were more in male children. Conclusion: Maximum (84.76%) under-fives in urban areas suffered from one or more health morbidities. This intensifies the need of comprehensive and need based planning of health policies for slum area.

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