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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 203-208

Helicobacter pylori and its orodental implications: A review


1 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 NRI Academy of Medical Sciences, Chinakakani, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Sri Lalitha Kaja
Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Takkellapadu, Guntur - 522 509, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2277-8632.171687

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Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a Gram-negative, microaerophillic, spiral bacterium. The prevalence of H. pylori infection was estimated to range from 40% to 80% and it varies widely. The advancement of biochemical techniques provided new information about the pathogenicity and virulence factors of H. pylori indicating a complex interaction of bacterial and host factors for infection by H. pylori. It is regarded as a serious and transmissible infectious disease linked to duodenal and gastric ulcers, gastric carcinoma, and also as a cofactor in the recurrence of aphthous ulceration. This article focuses on the pathogenesis, disease associations, and the orodental implications of H. pylori.


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