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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 271-274

Oral bleedings in hereditary blood coagulation disorders: A retrospective study

Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Narayana Dental College and Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Rekhalakshmi Kamatham
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Narayana Dental College and Hospital, Nellore - 524 003, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2277-8632.196561

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Aim: To analyze the oral bleeding episodes in individuals with hereditary blood coagulation disorders (HBCDs). Materials and Methods: Information regarding oral bleeding episodes (gingival, tongue, lip, cheek, and palate) as well as treatment rendered for those individuals was extracted retrospectively from the records of the local hemophilia society. The obtained data was analyzed from the pediatric dentist's point of view. Results: Gingival bleedings were relatively high (85.5%) compared to other tissues (14.5%). Most of the gingival bleedings were found in individuals aged between 6 and 12 years (58.2%), corresponding to the period of mixed dentition, whereas soft tissue bleedings were high in the younger age group (<6 years) (57.7%). On observing the primary treatment rendered, 55.5% and 47.3% of individuals who needed extractions and scaling, respectively, required factor infusion. Conclusion: The present study highlights the importance of anticipatory guidance in this group of individuals and reminds the hematologists/physicians to work in collaboration with pediatric dentist/dentist, to improve the oral health-related quality of life in HBCDs.

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