Year : 2015 | Volume
: 4 | Issue : 2 | Page : 112--116
Prevalence of Rotavirus diarrhea among under-5 hospitalized children in a Government tertiary hospital, Tirupati
Manohar Badur1, Naramalli Madhavi Latha2, Panabaka Ravi Kumar1, Shankar Reddy Dudala3, Shabbir Ali Shaik1, Gagandeep Kang4, Cheri Naveen Kumar1
1 Department of Pediatrics, Sri Venkateswara Medical College, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Bio-chemistry, Sri Venkateswara Medical College, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Sri Venkateswara Medical College, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
4 Department of Gastrointestinal Sciences, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
Context: Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe diarrhea requiring hospitalization among infants and young children worldwide. The prevalence of rotavirus diarrhea in India has been found to vary in the range 5-71% in hospitalized children aged under 5 years with acute gastroenteritis. The seasonal variation of rotavirus diarrhea in India varies across different geographical regions, with high incidence in the winter months at low relative humidity in northern India.
Aim: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of rotavirus diarrhea among hospitalized children aged under 5 years and to learn about the genotypic distribution of rotaviruses causing diarrhea.
Settings and Design: Study design: hospital-based cross-sectional study. Study setting: the pediatrics department of a tertiary care Government hospital, Tirupati, India. Study period: September 20, 2012-September 19, 2013.
Materials and Methods: Study units: children under 5 years of age presenting with diarrhea. Stool specimens from all hospitalized children aged under 5 years who had presented with acute watery diarrhea were collected and tested for rotavirus by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Positive samples were tested for G and P typing by the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technique.
Statistical Analysis Used: Percentage and chi-square analysis. Results: Among the study sample, 68.7% of children were in the age group between 1-12 months and 25.6% children showed positive result for rotavirus by ELISA. Of the rotavirus positives, 50% were G1P8 viruses.
Conclusion: Rotavirus is an important cause of diarrhea in hospitalized children.
Dr. Manohar Badur
Department of Pediatrics, Sri Venkateswara Medical College and Sri Venkateswara Ramnarain Ruia (SVRR) Government General Hospital, Tirupati - 517 507, Andhra Pradesh
|How to cite this article:|
Badur M, Latha NM, Kumar PR, Dudala SR, Shaik SA, Kang G, Kumar CN. Prevalence of Rotavirus diarrhea among under-5 hospitalized children in a Government tertiary hospital, Tirupati.J NTR Univ Health Sci 2015;4:112-116
|How to cite this URL:|
Badur M, Latha NM, Kumar PR, Dudala SR, Shaik SA, Kang G, Kumar CN. Prevalence of Rotavirus diarrhea among under-5 hospitalized children in a Government tertiary hospital, Tirupati. J NTR Univ Health Sci [serial online] 2015 [cited 2021 Oct 24 ];4:112-116
Available from: https://www.jdrntruhs.org/article.asp?issn=2277-8632;year=2015;volume=4;issue=2;spage=112;epage=116;aulast=Badur;type=0